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General information

The Moskva River.

Moscow is the capital of the Russian Federation and the largest city in Russia with over 10.5 million citizens. Moscow is also the largest metropolitan area in Europe and 7th largest urban area in the world. Moscow is situated on the banks of the Moskva River and stretches out for more than 1,000 square kilometers making oval which is nearly 40 km in height and 52 km in length.

Moscow is the political, cultural and business centre of Russia. Russian President, government and Parliament (which is called Duma) sit in Moscow. Moscow is a major economic centre and is home to one of the largest numbers of billionaires in the world. It is an impressive city in many ways. It is never sleeping vibrant city with a great number of historic and cultural sights, scientific and educational institutions, sport and recreation facilities, originally designed trade and office centers prestigious boutiques, exclusive nightclubs, numerous cafes and first-class restaurants with cuisine from all over the world. The Russian capital is world-renowned for its diverse architecture. Without doubt, the most famous spot is the Red Square, where the Kremlin is located.

Pokrovsky Sobor (St Basil’s Cathedral).

The square is one of UNESCO's World Hertitage Sites. Of course, the city has many more squares, streets, museums and other sites that are worth visiting.

Moscow has been a site of great spiritual importance for most of its history. Historically, it was the capital of the former Soviet Union, Russian Empire, Tzardom of Russia and the Grand Duchy of Moscow. Over time, the city has earned a variety of nicknames, most referring to its pre-eminent status in the nation: the Whitestone (refers to the white walls of Kremlin), The First Throne (refers to the Tzar dynasty), The Forty Forties (refers to the great number of the churches with the golden domes). For a long time it claimed the title of “Third Rome”, regarding itself as a spiritual successor to the imperial Christian capitals of Rome and Constantinople. As 16th century chronicles says, “The Church of Rome fell for its heresy; the gates of the second Rome, Constantinople, were hewn down by the axes of the infidel Turks; but the Church of Moscow, the Church of the New Rome, shines brighter than the sun in the whole universe... Two Romes are fallen, but the Third Rome stands; a fourth there cannot be”. The city is still the center of Russian Orthodox Christianity. The Patriarch of Moscow, whose residence is the Danilov Monastery, serves as the head of the Russian Orthodox Church.

Moscow is the starting point for a majority of INTOURIST itineraries to different destinations in Russia: St. Petersburg, towns of the Golden Ring, Siberia, the Baikal Lake, the Caucasus, Trans-Siberian rail routes.

The Moscow Kremlin in the winter.

The continental climate of Moscow can be quite clearly described as two seasons, summer and winter. Moscow's summer weather is surprisingly mild and appealing, while in the bitterly cold winter months, be prepared to bring plenty of warm clothes and fur-lined hats. Autumn is quite cloudy and windy, with picturesque fall of the multicolored leaves on October and drizzling rain in November. The snowy winter weather in Moscow results in beautiful scenery, which can be quite simply breathtaking and offers many spectacular photo opportunities. However, if you're too cold, you can always drink some of the local Russian vodka or tea to warm yourself up! Average temperature in winter is about -12C, average temperature in summer +22 C.
Moscow time is GMT+3.

Moscow is the main entry gateway of Russia. It possesses a complex transport system, that includes 3 international airports, 9 railroad terminals, and the world's second busiest (after Tokyo) metro system.

The common way of getting in to Moscow is air flight to Sheremetyevo or Domodedovo, sometimes to Vnukovo airports. They are the main points of arrival to Russia, serving about 75% of all tourists arriving in the country. Train express will take from any of these airports to the center of the city in about 30–40 minutes.

Most beautiful subway interior 1952 year.

Moscow's road system is centered roughly around the Kremlin at the heart of the city. From there, roads generally radiate outwards to intersect with a sequence of circular roads (“rings”). The first ring, Bulvarnoye Koltso (Boulevard Ring), is technically not a ring as it does not form a complete circle. It was built at the former location of the sixteenth century city wall. The second ring is the Sadovoye Koltso (Garden Ring). The third one is the Third Transport Ring which is a high-speed freeway as well as a 100 km long forth ring called MKAD (Moscow Automobile Ring Road ), which forms the approximate boundary of the city.

Moscow operates a strong system of a public transportation, including metro, trams, trolley-busses, buses and shuttle mini-buses. The traffic is rather hard, especially in the morning and in the evening. As the traffic situation leaves much to be desired, the easiest way to get from A to B is to use one of the 180 stations of Moscow metro. The first metro line was put into operation in 1935 and today Moscow metro is one of the most extensive underground railways in the world , with its 12 lines spreading for nearly 300 km. The Moscow Metro is not only a convenient public transport but also a phenomenal artistic decoration, awarded with Grand Prix at international exhibitions in Brussels and Paris. Stations were built as underground palaces, with sculptural compositions, marble columns, fanciful ornamental design, mosaic pictures and ceramics under the vaults. Visits to Metro are usually included in INTOURIST city tours.

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