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Intourist.com The Great Siberian Way: West Meets East

The Great Siberian Way: West Meets East 

General information Major sights

General information


Trans-Siberian Railway.

Travel by Trans-Siberian Railway or “The Great Siberian Way” (historical name) is undoubtedly the most fascinating voyage of the world.  It is the longest railway (9288 km) on the Earth. The train route goes through all Russia, crossing 10 time zones, 2 continents, 12 regions, 5 territories, 2 republics, 1 autonomous region, 87 towns, and 16 large rivers. It starts in Moscow, passes through the European Russia, crosses Urals mountains which separate Europe and Asia, continues into Siberia's taiga and steppes, and finishes in Vladivostok — the Russian Far East coast on the Pacific Ocean. Transsib is 1777 km long in European part of Russia (which is 19% of the route) and 7511 km long in Asia (81% of the route). The border between Europe and Asia is marked with small obelisk at 1778 km near town Pervouralsk.


The Transsib railway is the backbone of Russia. It is the only overland route going through the whole country. This unique status makes the railway still quite important for the economy and safety of the country, as it was supposed to be more than 100 years ago, when it was built. Some people say that after the exploration of America and the construction of Suez Canal the building of the Trans-Siberian Railway is the most outstanding historical event in the world.

Trans-Siberian express.

While passing across the vast expanse of Russia, travelers get a unique chance to explore different cultures and present-day lifestyles of local people, see historical monuments, admire breathtaking sceneries of virgin land, the Siberian taiga, great rivers, steppes, mountains and deserts. For many people the great part of the pleasure is simply sitting back and watching the land they go by. However, most travelers on the Trans-Siberian Railway find that it is interaction with other passengers and local people is what makes the trip an unforgettable experience. There's something special about watching thousands of kilometers passing by, and observing ever-changing landscapes and views through the window of your train.


The construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway started in 1891 under the authority of Tzar Alexander the Third. Upon his death three years later, the work was continued under his son, Tzar Nicholy the Second. If it wasn't be built in due time Russia with very much probability wasn't likely kept Far East and Pacific ocean coast for itself — as it couldn't kept Alaska not connecting with Russian Empire by stable means of communication. Also Transsib gave a stimulus to develop Eastern areas of the country and involve them in economic life of Russia. Despite the enormity of the project, a continuous route was completed in 1905. The present route of the line, including both the most difficult stretch around Baikal and replacement of the dangerously situated Manchurian line, was opened in 1916. Today the first point of Transsib is Yaroslavsky Train Station in Moscow, and the end point is Vladivostok terminal.
Web: http://www.transsib.ru/Eng/






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