|Petrozavodsk: quay of Onega.|
City at a glance
Petrozavodsk is the capital of the Republic of Karelia, stretching 25 km along the shores of Onega Lake. Petrozavodsk is home to over a third of the population of the Republic which is about 266 thousand people. Petrozavodsk is one of the greenest cities of Russia with 10 public gardens, 8 parks and 4 boulevards. There are no central square or avenue in the city. Lenin avenue starting at the railway station and leading to the embankment, is a business street of the city, while Kirov square unofficially called Square of Arts is its cultural center. Lenin square, constructed in the 18th century by followers of the Russian architect Vasily Bazhenov, is architectural ensemble of historical importance to the region and also the first example of town planning in Karelia.
The streets of the city are decorated with monuments to great Russians like founder of the town Emperor Peter the Great, poets Alexander Pushkin and Gavrila Derzhavin. Enbanlment is lined with modernist sculptures made by Karelian sculptors and presented by sister cities of Petrozavodsk from around the world.
Petrozavodsk is intelligent center of the region with one of the highest levels of IT development in Russia. There are 2 universities in the city as well as 5 theatres and a concert hall, lyceums and gymnasiums (including one national gymnasium), Karelian Research Center, National Library, museums and art galleries.
International festivals are conducted in Petrozavodsk every year, and extremely popular among locals and guests of Karelia. Most famous are winter festival of snow and ice sculptures “Hyperborea”, skiing holiday “Winter Fountains”, summer music festivals “White Night Accord” and “Air”.
|Raylway station in Petrozavodsk.|
Climate in Petrozavodsk is moderate-continental with features of the sea climate impact. Winter is long and rather soft (average temperature -9C) while summer is short and relatively cool (average temperature (+14 C). Weather in the region is rather unstable. Spring begins in the middle of April, but return of colds is possible even in May. Summer begins in the first half of June.
The local time is the same as in Moscow (GMT +3).
Petrozavodsk is situated on the shores of Onega Lake, one of the biggest inner lakes in Europe. Water transport connects the city to the Baltic, Barents, White, Caspian and Black seas via the canals system. Hydrofoils make the 1¼-hour trip from ferry terminal to Kizhi three times a day from June to August. In late May and from September to about mid-October, services are more limited: there may just be one daily, or one every two days.
Petrozavodsk airport Besovets is located 12 kilometres northwest of the city and services only small airliners. Air company Severstal serves flights Petrozavodsk–Cherepovets–Moscow, Petrozavodsk–Cherepovets–Saint-Petersburg and Petrozavodsk–Cherepovets–Helsinki. Small airport Peski 5km northwest of Petrozavodsk center is a place for helicopter chartered flights to Kizhi.
Federal highway Kola connects Petrozavodsk with Murmansk, Saint-Petersburg (412 km), Moscow (1091 km), other cities and links Russia with Norway.
Petrozavodsk is important railway node. It is possible to get to Petrozavodsk with the trains from Helsinki, Murmansk, Saint-Petersburg, and Moscow.