|Old church and Cathedral of the Nativity in Kremlin.
Suzdal is one of the most beautiful gems of Golden Ring Cities. An abundance of traditional Russian architecture creates a unique atmosphere of medieval Rus. And a host of monasteries, churches and bell towers proves the status of Suzdal as a major spiritual centre of Russian Orthodox Church.
The Suzdal Kremlin is the oldest part of the town, dating from the beginning of the 11th century. Like other Russian Kremlins, it was originally a fortress, religious and administrative center of nearby lands. On the Kremlin territory there is beautiful Cathedral of Nativity of the Virgin marked as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The current building is over 500 years old, with wonderful frescoes inside. The part of the basement is dated back to 12th century, prior to the Mongol-Tatar invasion. It still has the ancient double door gates (or the Golden gates) made in very intricate technique of fusing gold onto a black background of bronze. Opposite the Gates there is Krestovaya Palata (Cross Chamber) of the Archbishop’s Palace, housing the museum with exposition of old Russian paintings and display devoted to 1000 years of Suzdal’s history.
The massive Saviour Monastery of St Euthymius, the Suzdal's biggest monastery founded in 14th century is supposed to be one of the holy places in Russia as well as the Convent of the Intercession.
|Wooden Church of Saint Nicholas.
Among the highlights of Suzdal is the belltower of the Cathedral of the Transfiguration which gives a concert chimes every 90 minutes from noon till evening. The Museum of Wooden Architecture and Peasant Life contains log houses, wooden churches and windmills brought there from all over the region.
Walk along Kamenka River and along the streets with wooden houses aside is the best way to see the everyday life of Suzdal and explore the beauty of Russian provincial town. A carriage or sleigh ride through Suzdal is also a memorable experience. Suzdal restaurants offer locally produced various sorts of medovukha — traditional Russian light-alcoholic beverage made of honey (“Med”).
Wooden Church of Saint Nicholas
This 18th century church was moved to Suzdal in 1960 to become a museum of wooden architecture. This church is made out of wood (even nails) and represents the close relationship between wood and stone architecture and how precise the Russian craftsmen were while building this back in 1766. Church is located on the territory of Suzdal Kremlin.
Address: Suzdal, Kremlevskaya Ulitsa.
St John the Baptist Church
Convent of Intercession (Pokrovskiy monastyr).
This church was built in 1720, nearly the same time that Saint Nicholas church was built. The amazing thing about this church is the difference between the types of architecture of the two churches that were built during the same time period. Whereas the Saint Nicholas church is all wooden the St John Church is made out of white plastered walls with wooden supports. The differences between the arches and textures and overall appearance is truly so different and is definitely a sight to see. The church is located on the territory of Suzdal Kremlin.Address: Suzdal, Kremlevskaya Ulitsa.
The Saint Alexander Convent
This church was built in 1240 by an unknown architect. It is said that the princesses of Suzdal, Mariya and Agrippina, were buried here in 1300s. The old architecture with new improvements makes this church interesting and different.
Address: Suzdal, Ulitsa Gasteva.
Convent of Intercession
It is one of the most impressive religious buildings of Suzdal. The white walled convent was founded in 1264 with beautiful cathedral of the Intercession built in 1518. The church was and still is one of the richest convents in Russia. The convent is the home of many nuns and is also the burial vault for twenty nuns of noble birth. The ensemble was finally formed in 16th century when ladies of noble families falling in disgrace were exiled there. The daughter and niece of Tzar Ivan the Third (father of Ivan the Terrible), the spouses of Tzar Vasily the Third were among the inmates there. Later Ivan the Terrible also sent one of his wives to Suzdal's convent. Even Peter the Great, a first Russian Emperor, exiled his first wife here.
Address: Suzdal, Ulitsa Pokrovskaya.
The Savior Monastery of St. Euthymius (Spaso-Evfimiev)
|The Spaso-Evfimiev Monastery.
The Spaso-Evfimiev Monastery founded in 14th century is one of the largest and best preserved monasteries in Suzdal. With some pink tint of white-colored stone walls with 12 unique defense towers, it is even more impressive than the Moscow Kremlin. Since 18th century the prison was arranged on the territory of the monastery upon the special decree of Empress Catherine the Great. The Monastery is very large and houses more than 10 separate museums where visitors could spend the whole day. Besides that, one may also enjoy the bell peal (the bells have been collected throughout the Vladimir region).Address: Suzdal, Ulitsa Lenina.
Prince Yuri Dolgoruky’s country residence was erected not far from Suzdal on the bank of the Nerl river in 1152. This construction was the beginning of white stone architecture period in the North-Eastern Rus. The Sacred Gates painted in 3 colors — red, yellow and blue — are among the most amazing monuments of Kideksha.
Address: Suzdalskiy district, v. Kideksha
Trade Rows are also known as “Guest Court” or “Merchant Yard”. Trade Rows accommodated over 1000 shops and warehouses before Soviet times. Now only the northern part exists, built in classical style, with shops and cafés inside.