|The Kazan Kremlin and Kul Sharif mosque.
Kazan with its unique combination of different cultures is a unique place of interest and one of the most attractive cities for tourism and sightseeing in Russia. More than 850 thousand of tourists all over the world enjoyed the hospitality of Kazan every year.
Kazan attracts with a marvelous white-stoned Kremlin recognized by UNESCO as a monument of the World heritage, Kul Sharif Mosque, rich museums. The picturesque Bauman street called “the street with 4 centuries history” is one of the most popular tourist places as well as Suyumbike Tower, Annunciation cathedral, Monument to Russian soldiers in form of truncated pyramid and original hi-tech building of the Kazan circus designed for 2500 spectators.
The Kazan Kremlin — the heart of Kazan.
The history of the Kremlin is a history of city, it begins in X century. By XVI century the city was a powerful fortress with Khan court-yard, high mosques and mausoleums. In 1552 Kazan was taken by storm of Russian armies under command of Ivan Grozny. According to the Tzar’s decree the fortress was reconstructed and built up in stone under direction of well-known Russian masters Yakov Postnik (one of the architects of St. Basil Cathedral on the Red square in Moscow) and Ivan Shiryai. The Kazan Kremlin had a reputation of one of the most unapproachable in medieval Russia. Presently, the Kazan Kremlin represents partly restored medieval fortress. Walls (1800 meters in perimeter) and towers (8 of 13 are preserved) of the Kremlin remember Bulgar soldiers, khans of Golden Horde, Russian troops and architects.
|The Virgin Monastery of Raifa.
The Kazan Kremlin is a unique historial and cultural monument, which preserved elements of 3 epochs: tatar, russian and european. Architectural traditions of Bulgar, Golden Horde, Medieval Kazan-Tatar, Italian and Russian culture are interlaced here. The architecture of the Kazan Kremlin is a unique combination of two main religions — Islam and Orthodoxy. In 1998 historical architectural complex was included in the preliminary UNESCO World Heritage list and in November 2000 it was added to the list of the World Cultural Heritage. The Annunciation cathedral, Kul Sharif mosque and other major places of interest are situated here.
Since 1992 the Kazan Kremlin is being formed as the representative center of the Republic of Tatarstan. The residence of the President of the Republic of Tatarstan Mintimer Sh.Shaimiev is situated in Kremlin.
Address: Kazan Kremlin
Tel.: +7(843) 567–81–01, +7(843) 567–80–24
Official website: www.kermen.ru
The tower of Suyumbike — a historical and architectural emblem of city. Its name is connected to the name of last tsarina of Kazan khanate — Suyumbike.
National legends narrate tsarina's original beauty. Having heard about her, Ivan Grozny sent matchmakers to Suyumbike. Refusal of tsarina was the reason of Kazan’s capture by Russian armies. After that Suyumbike agreed to marry with a condition that Russian architects should manage to build a high tower within one week. That demand had been fulfilled. Then tsarina had climbed upstairs to the top of tower, and with a farewell cry to the city rushed downwards.
|The Annunciation cathedral.
Tower of Suyumbike is remarkable by one more detail — it’s “falling” like famous Italian “falling tower” in Piza.
Every 15th of October the tower turns into minaret where prays in memory of Kazan’s defenders are served.
The Annunciation cathedral of the Kazan Kremlin is the oldest architectural and historical monument in Kazan. The main cathedral of Kazan region, which before revolution was cathedral church of Kazan Eparchy, was constructed according to the decree of Ivan Grozny. The stone building of temple was erected in 1556–1562. Original parts of 17th century frescos still remain in the oldest part of the temple. In 2005 the cathedral has been carefully restored and then sanctified by Kazan and Tatarstan archbishop Anastasy.
Magnificent and beautiful Kul Sharif mosque was the pearl of the Kazan’s khanate capital 400 years ago. It was named after imam Kul Sharif — a scientist, a poet and a diplomat. After Ivan Grozny’s storm of Kazan the mosque was destroyed.
President of Republic Tatarstan M. Shaimiev ordered to reconstruct the mosque in 1995. The complex of the new mosque is a symbol of revival of Tatar’s national and religious traditions. The mosque is open for praying 2 times a year, during the main religious holidays.
Museums and theatres of Kazan
|The Kazan Kremlin.
Kazan with it numerous museums, theatres, cinemas, libraries and universities (Kazan State University was the third one founded in Russia after Moscow and St. Petersburg) pretend to be the cultural and educational center of the whole Volga region.
The National Museum of the Republic Tatarstan
Museum is situated in the center of Kazan, in the building of the former Inn yard. The museum will celebrate its 115-th anniversary in 2010. Its collection exceeds 800 thousand items. The pride of the museum is the ethnographic exhibition containing unique household items and clothes of the Tatarstan’s peoples. Besides that, museum presents geological, paleontological, botanical and zoological collections. Museum offers more than 50 different tours around Kazan Kremlin, Kazan city and other towns of the Tatarstan.
The Museum is open every day except Monday, from 10am to 5pm.
Address: Kremlevskaya St., 2,
Tel.: +7 (843) 292–89–84, fax: +7(843) 292–14–84
State Museum of Fine Arts
The collection of the museum exceeds 23 thousand paintings, drawings, sculptures, items of decorative Russian and Tatar art of the 16 — beginning of the 20th centuries and masterpieces of Western-European artists of the 15–19th centuries. Temporary exhibitions from the largest Russian art museums and displays of works
of Tatarstan artists take place in one of the museum halls.
Address: Carl Marx St., 64
|Woman national jewelry 19th century. The National Museum of the Republic Tatarstan.
Tel.: +7 (843) 236–69–31
Saidashev’s State Great Concert Hall of the Republic Tatarstan
Grand concert hall is one of the largest halls for performing concerts and official events in Tatarstan. The concert complex consists of 3 halls: a Large Hall with 700 seats, a Chamber Hall with 70 seats, and a Rehearsal Hall. More than 30–35 events, among which concerts of opera stars, famous conductors and virtuosos; festivals, contests, world premieres; social and political events are held in the Concert hall every month. Concert Hall is famous for classical and jazz music events such as annual International Festival of Modern Music “Europe-Asia”, International Festival of Organ Music, Sofia Gubaidullina Music Festival, International Festival “Pianoforum”.
Address: Liberty Square
Tel.: +7 (843) 292–17–36
Opera and Ballet Tatar State Academic Theatre named after M.Djalil
The theatre is the center of musical culture of the Republic. Best performers from Russia, CIS and Europe come every year to take part in annual festivals: Fedor Shalyapin Opera Festival and Rudolf Nuriev Classic Ballet Festival. The beautiful building of the theater mixing in its exterior classical elements with national ornamental patterns is declared a Republic’s architectural heritage.
Address: Liberty Square, 1
Tel.: +7 (843) 238–45–58, 238–46–08
|Church Utensils (1679). The Hermitage-Kazan Exhibition Center.
Museum of Kazan Millennium anniversary
This museum opened before Kazan millennium anniversary commemoration in 2005.
The museum is situated in “Kazan” National Cultural Center. The exposition covers the period from ancient times till our days. Besides original artifacts and archive materials, some historic reconstructions are represented, including legendary Kazan Gates and the Key of the city.
Address: 420060 Kazan, Pushkin St. 86
Tel.: +7 (843) 236–78–31, +7 (843) 236–78–41, 236–79– 51
Official website: http://www.kazan1000.ru/rus/museum/tisacha.htm
“Hermitage-Kazan” Exhibition Centre
The Hermitage-Kazan Exhibition Center — the only branch of world-famous Saint Peterburg’s Hermitage in Russia and the fourth branch opened by Hermitage in the world, after London, Las Vegas and Amsterdam. The Center was created under the patronage of President of the Republic of Tatarstan Mentimer Shaimiev and is structurally a subdivision of the Kazan Kremlin State Historical and Architectural Museum-Park. It is situated on the territory of the Kazan Kremlin. The Center includes exposition halls, computer room, video hall, and information room. The exposition of the center changes twice a year.
Address: Kazan Kremlin, former building of Junker school, 2 entrance, 3 floor
Tel.: +7 (843) 567–80–33, +7 (843) 567–80–32, +7 (843) 567–80–34, +7 (843) 567–80–42
Official website: http://hermitagemuseum.org/html_En/13/hm13_1_003.html
Artists Union of the Republic Tatarstan Exhibition Hall
|G.Kamal Tatar State Academic Theatre.
The Exhibition Hall is one of the most important centers of the Volga’s region artistic life representing various art schools from all the part of the Republic since 1980. Address: Carl Marx St., 57
Tel.: +7 (843) 236–61–71
G.Kamal Tatar State Academic Theatre
The beautiful building of the theatre located on the shore of the Kaban Lake and resembles a ship, sailing along the lake. The history of the Theater starts in 1906 when first public tatar play was performed in Kazan. In 1939 the theatre was named after Galiaskar Kamall, an outstanding playwright and one of the ancestors of the Tatar theatre. The theatre repertory includes both world classics and plays by Tatar playwrights. Each seat is radio-equipped for performing the translation to Russian and English languages. The theatre is supposed to be one of the best national theatres in Russia.
Address:Tatarstan St., 1
Tel.: +7 (843) 293–06–38, 293–08–83
Kazan Academic Russian Bolshoi Drama Theatre named after V.Kachalov
This is one of the oldest and the most famous theatres of Russia. Established in 1791, it became the first theatre of Kazan. In 1996 the theatre received an “Academic” status. Nowadays Theatre continues the traditions of Russian psychological theatre, its repertoire consists of more than 20 performances of Russian and world classics.
Address: 420111 Kazan, Bauman str. St. 48
Tel.: +7 (843) 292–34–83, 292–37–51, 292–18–69, 292–35–32
Official website: www.teatrkachalov.ru
|Theatre named after V.Kachalov.
Kazan State Theatre Of Young Spectator
The theatre appeared as a junior theatre under the Central city pioneer club, situated in the building previously known as Merchant Meeting building, which was built in 1824. In 2001 the theatre building was thoroughly restored to the initial architectural form. In 2003 the play “Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are dead” by Stoppard was nominated for “the best theatre of the year” to get Russian national theatre award “Golden Mask”.
Address: 420111 Kazan, Ostrovsky St. 10
Tel.: +7 (843) 292–48–82, 292–47–49, 292-18-75, 292–19–48
Official website: http://www.kazan-tuz.ru/
Tatar state puppet theatre “Ekiyat”
Theatre was established in 1932 as theatre for young spectators. The repertory of the theatre includes about 30 plays, among them are Tatar, Russian and world-famous fairy-tales. Since 1974 the theatre is a member of International Organization of Puppet Theatre Workers — UNIMA.
The theatre participated in the numerous international Festivals in Europe, USA, Russia.
Address: 420107 Kazan, Lukovsky St. 21
Tel.: +7 (843) 238–94–71, 238–92–72, 238–89–00, 238–92–82
Official website: http://www.puppet-show.ru/