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Intourist.com The Great Siberian Way: West Meets East

The Great Siberian Way: West Meets East 

General information Major sights

Major sights


Moscow.

Major Stops on the route


Moscow
Moscow, the capital of the Russian Federation is one of the major world megapolises with the population over 11 mln people. It is the country’s most important industrial, financial and business center. Moscow is the main gateway of Russia. The city is served by 3 huge international airports and 12 railway terminals.
Moscow is the starting point for the majority if Intourist itineraries to various destinations in Russia. The Trans-Siberian rail route starts in Moscow, at Yaroslavsky Train Station.


Ekaterinburg (1667 km from Moscow, 25 hours by train)
Ekaterinburg is located in the central Ural Mountains on the border between Europe and Asia. The city was founded as a fortress in 1728 by a Russian geographer Vasily Tatischev and grew later on to become the administrative capital of the Ural region and an important center for industry, transport, finance, science and culture. Ekaterinburg is a home city of first Russian President Boris Yeltsin.  Ekaterinburg population exceeds 1.4 million and ranks fourth in Russia.


Novosibirsk museum Birchbark.

Novosibirsk (3300 km from Moscow, after 2 days by train)
Novosibirsk is the nearest big city to the geographical center of Russia located on the picturesque banks of the wide and beautiful Ob River. It is the third-largest city after Moscow and Saint-Petersburg and the largest city in Siberia, with population exceeding 1.43 mln people. Novosibirsk is the administrative center of Novosibirsk region as well as of the Siberian Federal District. It is also a world known scientific center with The Siberian branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences and branches of the Medical and Agricultural Academies located in Novosibirsk. Besides, Novosibirsk is a great place to start discovering Altai mountains, which are not far.


Krasnoyarsk (4000 km from Moscow, 60 hours by train)
Krasnoyarsk is the third largest city in Siberia with population about 940 thousand people. Besides it is the largest Siberian port on the Enisey River which is a border between Eastern and Western Siberia. Krasnoyarsk is nearly 4000 km away from Moscow and it is a midway point of the Trans-Siberian railway. The Enisey River flows from west to east through the city and the railway crosses the river by one of the most famous bridges in Asia. The Bridge, the Hydroelectric Power Plant and The Chapel on the Karaulnaya (Guard) Mountain are three main highlights of the city imprinted on the 10 rubles banknotes of the Russian State Bank. Gigantic rock cliffs of the Stolby National Park are rising south of Krasnoyarsk.

Krasnoyarsk.

Irkutsk (about 5200 km from Moscow, 75 hours by train):
Irkutsk is an old Russian city situated in Eastern Siberia on a picturesque bank of the Angara River, which is going out of lake Baikal. Irkutsk is a starting point for expeditions and tours to Baikal lake as is only 1 hour ride (65 km) from it. The central market of the city is famous for its fabulous fish rows with all types of Baykal lake fish selling there.


Baikal Lake (65 km from Irkutsk)
The Trans-Siberian Railroad goes through marvelous Baikal Lake area with stops at Irkutsk and Ulan Ude. Lake Baikal is found in the south of Eastern Siberia. It covers 31,500 sq. km and is 636 km long. At its widest point it is 48 km wide and 79.4 km long. Baikal is the deepest lake in the world (1,637 m deep opposite the Olkhon Island), containing approximately one-fifth of all the Earth’s fresh surface water. That’s why Baikal is called the planet’s well. Its age is 25 milllion years. There are 336 rivers flowing into Baikal and only one river — Angara flows out of it.


Ulan-Ude (about 5600 km from Moscow, after 3.5 days by train):
Baikal Lake.
Ulan-Ude is the capital of the Buryat Republic, situated on a crossroad of trading routes leading from China and Mongolia to Russia and Europe. The settlement was founded in 1666 as a winter outpost of Russian Cossacks. Buryatia is a unique land with its wild and virgin nature, endless steppes, alpine meadows and taiga, Buddhist temples, nomad’s tents and shamans. The region provides great possibilities for ecotourism: horseback riding, hiking, trekking, boating and fishing. The Ivolginsky Datsan, a Buddhist Monastery, built in 1945, is the main active Buddhist religious centre in Russia. Nowadays the Ivolginsky Datsan is the residence of the leader of Russian Lamas.


Khabarovsk (8533 km from Moscow, after 5 days by train):
Khabarovsk is an administrative center of the Far East Federal  District located about 800 kilometers north of Vladivistok and some 30 km from the Chineese border which is just on the other shore of Amur river. Khabarovsk is a unique place for hunting (especially on Himalayan bear) and fishing in the mountain rivers.


Vladivostok (about 9200 km from Moscow, after 6 days by train):
Vladivostok is a small provincial town, but due to its location it plays a significant role as political and social center of Far East. The name Vladivostok loosely translates from Russian as “rule the East”.
Vladivostok.

It is situated at the head of the Golden Horn Bay not far from Russia's border with China and North Korea. Vladivostok is Russia's most important Pacific Ocean port, where Russian Pacific Fleet is based. It’s the final destination of the Trans-Siberian Railway.


Ulan Bator (about 6266 km from Moscow, after 4 days by train):
Ulan Bator (or Ulaanbaatar) is the capital and largest city of Mongolia, lying to the north in the valley of the River Tuul in the Khenti Mountains. It is the cultural, industrial, and financial heart of the country. Ulan Bator was founded in 1639 as the Da Khure Monastery, a Lamaist house of the Tibetan Buddhist religion which became the residence of the ‘bodgo-gegen’ or high priest. Positioned on the caravan route between Russia and China, it developed as a trading centre, particularly from the 19th century.






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