City at a glance
Nizhny Novgorod is placed in the Central European part of Russia and lies at the confluence of Volga and Oka rivers at a distance of 440 km to the east from Moscow. The city is divided by Oka river into two parts. Nizhny Novgorod is the capital of Volga Federal district, the centre of Nizhny Novgorod Region, and a recognized capital of Volga-Vyatka Economic Region. It is the fifth largest metropolis in Russia with a population about 1,3 million people and highly developed industry and services. “Nizhny” means “lower” in Russian, the city is called so to differentiate it from Novgorod the Great in the North-west of the country. In Soviet period the city was called Gorky after the Soviet writer Maxim Gorky. Gorky was a closed city for foreigners and became an opened city only in post-Soviet time.
There are more than 600 unique historic, architectural and cultural monuments in the city. Thus UNESCO included Nizhny Novgorod in the list of 100 world cities of great historical and cultural value. There are some towns and settlements around Nizhny Novgorod that are the centers of various Russian national art trades: world-famous Khokhloma painting (Semenovo, 85 km from Nizhny, and Semino, 100 km) and Gorodetsky painting (Gorodets, 75 km) on the crockery, furniture, matreshkas, and filigree decorative art (Pavlovo, 80 km).
|Nizhny Novgorod city.
The local climate is temperate continental, with average temperature +18C in July and -12C in January. There is a balneoclimatic resort area Zeleny Gorod (Green City) at a distance of 25 km from Nizhny Novgorod (within its suburb).
There is no time difference with Moscow (GMT+3).
Due to highly developed transport infrastructure Nizhny Novgorod can be easily reached by train, by airplane or by car. Airport “Strigino” located 25 km from the city is one of the biggest airports in Russia. The airport serves the domestic and international flights. The flights to Nizhny Novgorod operated by Lufthansa are the easiest way of getting here directly from Europe. Seasonally the airport serves chartered international flights from Egypt, Turkey, Crete, Croatia.
Generally one can travel to Nizhny Novgorod using a train. Main Railway Station “Gorky-Moskovsky” is located in the geographical centre of Nizhny Novgorod, approximately 6 km far from the historical centre and 20 km from Nizhny Novgorod International Airport. A lot of long-distance and regional trains arrive and depart every day.
Public transport is offered with bus routes, trams, trolleybuses, and the underground lines. Underground serves only the uptown part.